• 首页|本刊简介|在线投稿|过刊浏览|高级检索|专家风采|学习园地|期刊论坛|联系我们
环境矿物材料基本性能:无机界矿物天然自净化功能
Basic Properties of Environmental Mineral Materials: Natural Self-purification of Inorganic Minerals
  修订日期:2001-08-05
中文关键词:环境矿物学 环境矿物材料 无机界矿物 天然自净化功能 污染物治理方法
英文关键词:environmental mineralogy,environmental mineral materials,inorganic minerals,natural self-purification,method of contaminants disposal
基金项目:科学技术部基础研究司攀登特别支持资助课题;国家自然科学基金资助项目(49972017)
鲁安怀
鲁安怀(北京大学地质系,北京,100871)
摘要点击次数: 2670
全文下载次数: 1336
中文摘要:
      重点阐述环境矿物材料基本性能,包括矿物表面吸附、孔道过滤、结构调整、离子交换、化学活性、物理效应、纳米效应及与生物交互作用等,旨在发掘、凝炼并新提出物理方法和化学方法之后与有机界生物同效的无机界矿物天然自净化功能的基础理论与应用方法,以发展和完善无机矿物与有机生物所共同构筑的自然界中存在的天然自净化系统,并就目前笔者在黄铁矿、锰钾矿、金红石、蛭石、蒙脱石、苋铁铁钒等天然矿物方面已经完成和正在开展的一系列环境矿物材料研究工作进行了举例说明。
英文摘要:
      Natural self-purification, a potential mechanism in nature whereby mankind and the Earth are interrelated with each other, has been playing an increasingly important role in the field of harnessing contamination and remedying environment. Neverthelsss, the self-purification of natural minerals widely occurring in the inorganic world has been largely ignored. This means that only half of the potential self-purification capabilities offered by nature are recognized, exploited and utilized. Utilizing most of the natural self-purification functions of both the organic and the inorganic world is a reflection of implementation of the whole self-purification function. Pollutant treatment by natural minerals is based on the law of nature and reflects natural self-purification function in the inorganic world, similar to that of the organic world. The purification function of natural minerals for reducing pollutants is reflected mainly in the basic properties of environmental mineral materials. The basic properties of this function include surface adsorption, modified porous filtration, defects of crystal structure, ionic exchange, chemical activation, physical effect and micro-effect at nanometre levels as well as mineralogical-biological interactions. A series of case studies related to the natural self-purification, which were mostly completely by our group, are discussed in this paper. Mineralogical method and biological method are well matched in pollutants disposal and jointly constitute a natural system of self-purification in terms of pollution treatment and environmental remediation in the spheres of interaction between mankind and the earth surface.
鲁安怀,2001,环境矿物材料基本性能:无机界矿物天然自净化功能[J].岩石矿物学杂志,20(4):371~381.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭
您是本站第 3484127位访问者  京ICP备05032737号-8
版权所有:《岩石矿物学杂志》编辑部
主管:中国科学技术协会 主办:中国地质学会岩石学专业委员会 中国地质学会矿物学专业委员会 中国地质科学院地质研究所
技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司