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铜资源现状与发展态势分析
Analysis of status and development trend of copper resources
投稿时间:2012-04-29  修订日期:2012-06-11
中文关键词:地质学  铜矿勘查  资源现状  需求预测
英文关键词:geology  copper exploration  resources status  demand forecast
基金项目:国外重要矿产勘查进展与找矿案例研究(1212011120349); 国外地质调查战略情报编译与专题研究(1212011120175)
作者单位
周平 中国地质大学 地球科学与资源学院, 北京 100083
中国地质调查局发展研究中心, 北京 100037 
唐金荣 中国地质大学 地球科学与资源学院, 北京 100083 
施俊法 中国地质大学 地球科学与资源学院, 北京 100083 
杨宗喜 中国地质大学 地球科学与资源学院, 北京 100083 
金玺 中国地质大学 地球科学与资源学院, 北京 100083 
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中文摘要:
      进入21世纪以来,全球矿业走出低谷,步入了新一轮矿业繁荣周期。铜作为一种重要矿种,在过去的十多年里,经历了空前的繁荣,铜矿勘查开发投入屡创新高,国际铜价在中国、印度等新兴经济体强劲需求的带动下,走向高位,甚至出现了过度金融化倾向,价格泡沫化严重。中国国内铜储量严重不足,对外依存度高达70%,外加国际铜价虚高,对中国贯彻落实"立足国内,充分利用国内国外两种资源市场"的战略方针提出了严峻挑战。文章较为系统地总结了全球铜资源的总体发展态势以及中国铜资源的基本现状和特点,并对未来十年中国铜资源的供需形势进行了预测,提出应立足国内,以地质找矿新机制为核心,加大后续勘探开发投入力度,将近十年来地质大调查查明的铜资源储量转换为铜储量,提升资源保证程度。同时,针对国际铜价出现的重大转变,应充分利用市场机制实现国家和铜产业利益的最大化。
英文摘要:
      Since the beginning of the 21th Century, global mining has got out of the doldrums and entered a new flourishing cycle. As an important mineral commodity, copper has enjoyed accelerated speed of investment and development over the past ten years. Due to the strong demand driven by China, India and other new-emerging economic bodies, the international price of copper has increased rapidly, even with some excessive financial tendencies, and has formed serious price bubble. China's domestic copper reserves have suffered serious shortage, with the external dependence as high as 70%. It has become a severe challenge for China to implement the strategy on the domestic basis and fully take advantage of domestic and foreign resources market under the condition of such an artificially high copper price. In view of such a situation, this paper has systemically summarized the overall trend of the global copper resources and the basic status of China's copper resources and characteristics, with a prognosis of the possible trends of China's copper supply and demand in the next decade. Some advices are put forward, such as increasing late stage exploration and development investment based on the domestic resources with the new mechanism of geological prospecting as the core, so as to convert the copper resources into copper reserves. In addition, we should make full use of market mechanism to achieve the maximization of the interests of national resources and copper industry in the situation of the considerable variation in international copper prices.
周平,唐金荣,施俊法,杨宗喜,金玺,2012,铜资源现状与发展态势分析[J].岩石矿物学杂志,31(5):750~756.
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