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川西丹巴地区新元古代变质玄武岩成因及构造意义
Petrogenesis and tectonic significance of the Neoproterozoic Danba metabasalt in western Yangtze block
投稿时间:2013-01-12  修订日期:2013-05-28
中文关键词:变质玄武岩  康滇裂谷  新元古代  Rodinia超级大陆
英文关键词:metabasalt  Kangdian Rift  Neoproterozoic  Rodinia supercontinent
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项基金(CHD2010JC038)
作者单位
林广春 长安大学地球科学与资源学院, 陕西 西安 710054
西部矿产资源与地质工程教育部重点实验室, 陕西 西安 710054 
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中文摘要:
      对扬子地块西缘康滇裂谷北段的丹巴变质玄武岩进行了系统的岩石学、元素-Nd同位素地球化学研究,结果表明该岩石为碱性玄武岩,样品相对富MgO、富TiO2,Mg#值介于0.51~0.59之间。稀土总量较高,轻重稀土分馏较明显,Th、Nb、Ta、Zr、Hf和LREE等不相容元素富集,Y和HREE明显亏损,地球化学特征与洋岛玄武岩(OIB)类似。岩浆形成于板内裂谷环境,起源于类似OIB的地幔源区,并在上升过程中受到了大陆岩石圈地幔(SCLM)物质不同程度的混染,同时还可能有少量下地壳物质的混染。样品在岩石化学上表现出地幔柱岩浆作用的痕迹,很可能与导致Rodinia超级大陆裂解的新元古代地幔柱事件有关。
英文摘要:
      Petrology, geochemical and Nd isotopic data are reported for the Neoproterozoic Danba metabasalt in the Kangdian Rift on the western margin of the Yangtze block. Samples were collected from alkaline basalts, which are enriched in MgO, TiO2, with Mg# being 0.51~0.59. They have high total rare earth elements and show high fractionation between LREE and HREE. The trace elements are characterized obviously by enrichment of Th, Nb, Ta, Zr, Hf and LREE but depletion of Y and HREE. Their geochemical and Nd isotopic characteristics suggest that they are similar to OIB. The basaltic magma was generated in an intraplate setting, and was generated by partial melting of OIB mantle source region, with variable degrees of contamination of SCLM during magma ascending; in addition, some samples might have experienced contamination of the lower crust. These samples reveal some plume magmatism characteristics in petrochemistry, and imply that magmatism was probably related to the Neoproterozoic plume event, which resulted in the breakup of Rodinia supercontinent.
林广春,2013,川西丹巴地区新元古代变质玄武岩成因及构造意义[J].岩石矿物学杂志,32(4):485~495.
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