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生物质炭负载纳米零价铁对水中硝态氮的还原去除机理研究
A study of the reduction mechanism for nitrate removal in water by biochar supported nanosized zero valent iron
投稿时间:2017-08-22  修订日期:2017-10-11
中文关键词:生物质炭  纳米零价铁  硝态氮  还原作用
英文关键词:biochar  nanosized zero-valent iron  nitrate  reduction
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(41372050)
作者单位E-mail
刘雪妮 华南师范大学 化学与环境学院, 广东 广州 510006  
吴宏海 华南师范大学 化学与环境学院, 广东 广州 510006 whh302@163.com 
张苑芳 华南师范大学 化学与环境学院, 广东 广州 510006  
管玉峰 华南师范大学 化学与环境学院, 广东 广州 510006  
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中文摘要:
      采用液相还原法成功制备纳米零价铁,并组装出生物质炭负载纳米零价铁复合材料(NZVI/BC)。XRD图谱显示,NZVI/BC由生物质炭(BC)和纳米零价铁(NZVI)两种成分复合而成;SEM图像显示,加入生物质炭之后,NZVI颗粒在炭表面分散良好。研究考察溶液pH值、还原剂投加量、铁/炭比和NO3-初始浓度等因素对NZVI/BC还原性能的影响。结果表明,NZVI/BC显示出优良的还原性能。在相同条件下,反应2 h,NZVI对NO3-的去除率为75%,而NZVI/BC对NO3-的去除率为96%。NZVI/BC是一种具有应用前景的硝态氮净化材料。
英文摘要:
      In this study, biochar supported nanosized zero valent iron composite (NZVI/BC) was assembled from biochar and nanoscale zerovalent iron (NZVI), while NZVI was prepared by liquid phase reduction method. The XRD patterns showed that NZVI/BC was composed of biochar and NZVI. SEM indicated that NZVI particles agglomerated greatly, and dispersed well after being distributed on biochar grains. The focus was placed on the effects of the solution pH, dosage and ratio of Fe/C for the composite as well as the initial concentration of NO3- on the reduction of nitrate by NZVI/BC. The research clearly demonstrates that NZVI/BC exhibits highly efficient reductive capability. The reductive removal rate of NO3- reached approximately 75% within 2 h by using NZVI, and reached approximately 96% by NZVI/BC under the same certain condition. Therefore, NZVI/BC is a promising scavenging material for nitrate.
刘雪妮,吴宏海,张苑芳,管玉峰,2017,生物质炭负载纳米零价铁对水中硝态氮的还原去除机理研究[J].岩石矿物学杂志,36(6):842~850.
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